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in these modern times, when science and technology are advancing . I will return to this later, but first I would . financial innovation in recent decades and.
Table of contents

Optical coherence tomography OCT has changed the fundamental nature and accuracy of eye care diagnosis. This noninvasive imaging technology produces high resolution 2 to 3 micron accuracy , crosssectional images of ocular tissue which has results in diagnoses of abnormalities associated with the retina, macula, glaucomas and the anterior segment to a level of accuracy never before achieved in imaging techniques.

The evolution of this technology through this first decade has created, more than ever before, the ability for earlier diagnoses of many sight-threatening diseases. Wavefront technology has brought us to a new stage, both diagnostically and in refractive laser applications, in vision care. This science is rapidly becoming an indispensible tool in both vision and eye care. Electronic, computerized, automated data-gathering instrumentation and documentation continues to change every aspect of our day-today practice and care from the simplest to the most complex clinical, record-keeping and business segments.

The international community has advanced in this area much faster than United States practitioners have, but new U. Completion of the Human Genome Project in introduced a new era in diagnostic and increasing therapeutic eye care and, in fact, in all of medical and pharmaceutical pharmacogenomics care with advanced genetic mapping of eye diseases and early therapeutic and stem cell applications.

The Top 10 Medical Advances of the Decade

Some of these advances may not have impacted some of us directly, but they definitely have begun to guide the development of diagnostic strategies and procedures we all perform e. Continuing research in this fertile area may well prove to provide the most significant advances we will witness in future preventive, medical and health strategies including ophthalmic care.

Presbyopic-correcting and specialized intraocular lenses IOLs in the forms of multifocal optics, accommodating IOLs, aspherics and toric lenses.

Traditional monofocal IOLs that result in an absolute dependence on post-operative near correction have been addressed with impressive clinical and commercial results. And concurrently, monofocal optic IOLs have also continued to advance and improve optically during the decade with the development of aspheric and toric correcting optics.

The Top 10 Innovations of the Decade

The femtosecond laser introduced an entirely new level of accuracy in dissection and ablation technology. Its initial introduction as a new method for keratectomy to replace the mechanical microkeratome in the LASIK procedure provided increased safety and accuracy from 30 to 60 microns with the mechanical microkeratome to better than 10 micron accuracy with the femtosecond laser in refractive surgery.

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Through the decade, applications of femtosecond technology have expanded into corneal transplant and lamellar surgeries, intrastromal ablation and now, in cataract surgery. But from a broad perspective and again, from a demographic and epidemiological standpoint, 3 categories seem to stand out for us :. The introduction of 4th generation fluoroquinolones in the first half of the decade virtually changed the way ocular infection has been treated ever since.

But it was during this past decade that Anti-VEGF therapeutic actions have been recognized to not only slow vision loss or maintain current visual acuity in the presence of AMD, but also its potential to improve and even restore functional vision. This awareness has changed the approach to the care, if not cure of macular degeneration. While OCT has improved and increased the diagnosis of glaucoma during the decade, new categories and specific anti-glaucoma medications have significantly expanded treatment options and success in controlling, if not yet curing the disease.

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Certainly, beta-blockers continue to be the leading topical anti-glaucoma pharmaceutical treatment regime, but they are now frequently supplemented with new drug categories including adrenergic-agonists, carbonic anhyrdase inhibitors and prostaglandin analogs. All of these categories and their combinations have substantially improved glaucoma control through intraocular pressure management and reducing irreversible optic nerve compromise.

Commentary by Dr Edward F. Inventor Dean Kamen hyped it as a device that would transform cities and transportation. It turned out to be an expensive scooter that makes you look silly. Hoverboards were similarly all the rage until their batteries started exploding. But now smaller scooters and safer powered skateboards are increasingly popular. But Google should have known better.

It made the wearer appear elitist and invasive.

Then again, like Segways and hoverboards, this was a failed product, not a failed technology; augmented-reality glasses and heads-up displays are finding their public. Some technologies are well-intentioned but solve no real problems and create new ones.

Before electronic voting , automated tabulating of paper ballots left an auditable paper trail. Now elections are more vulnerable to hacking. Some failures apply a technological fix to what is really a social or political problem. In , camera phones officially became commercially available.

5 Innovative Technologies of the 21st Century | Innovation Management

Next Slide. Image credit: Toyota. While Blu-ray discs might be a relic of the past, they foreshadowed the high definition formats that we see today. As of May , Facebook reported 1.

Image credit: NIntendo. In September , Nintendo released a new, innovative gaming console, the Wii. From tennis to Mario Kart, the Wii was popular even among people who didn't think of themselves as gamers and sold more than million units. Next Article. I confirm that I am over the age of 16 and consent to the collection of the above data. Entrepreneur members get access to exclusive offers, events and more.

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